WEATHER is an important element in any setting, providing sensory texture and contributing to the mood the writer wishes to create in a scene. With a deft touch, weather can enhance the character's emotional response to a specific location, it can add conflict, and it can also (lightly) foreshadow coming events.
However, caution must accompany this entry: the weather should not be used as a window into a character's soul. The weather can add invisible pressure for the character, it can layer the SCENE with symbolism, it can carefully hint at the internal landscape, but it must never OVERTLY TELL emotion. Such a heavy-handed approach results in weather cliches and melodrama (a storm raging above a bloody battle, a broken-hearted girl crying in the rain).
Sight: surfaces (car hoods, flower petals, blades of grass) covered in a thin layer of ice, a sparkling effect as the sun catches it--increasing as the air warms and the ice melts, leaf edges that look fuzzy or furry, thick spots that look like a dusting of snow
Smell: a clean, cold smell
Touch: icy coldness that immediately crumbles or melts from the warmth of your hand, a crusty cushion beneath your shoes
Sound: brittle crunching as you step, a drip of melting frost, the tinkling sound of frost falling from high surfaces to the ground below, a still silence
Mood: The first frost of the year usually occurs in the fall and hints that summer is over and cooler weather is coming. For this reason, early frosts can put a person in mind of upcoming changes, whether welcome or not. Frost also has a fresh, crisp quality that can elicit a feeling of rejuvenation. A landscape that softens and transforms all signs of human habitation can bring about a sense of harmony with nature
Symbolism: transformation, new beginnings and second chances, change
Possible Cliches: ?
OTHER: Frost most often occurs on clear cold nights. As a plant loses heat, its leaves cool. If the plant temperature is cooler than the air temperature, then moisture from the surrounding air condenses on the plant's leaves. If the leaf temperature drops below freezing, the water freezes and becomes frost. This occurs even when the air temperature is above freezing. Frost forms more quickly on colder surfaces, such as cars and grass, than it does on concrete or wood.
Don't be afraid to use the weather to add contrast. Unusual pairings, especially when drawing attention to the Character's emotions, is a powerful trigger for tension. Consider how the bleak mood of a character is even more noticeable as morning sunlight dances across the crystals of fresh snow on the walk to work. Or how the feeling of betrayal is so much more poignant on a hot summer day. Likewise, success or joy can be hampered by a cutting wind or drizzling sleet, foreshadowing conflict to come.